Write a C Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion

C Program to implement Binary Search

Write a C Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion.┬áHere’s simple Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion in C Programming Language.

Recursion : :

  • Recursion is the process of repeating items in a self-similar way. In programming languages, if a program allows you to call a function inside the same function, then it is called a recursive call of the function.
  • The C programming language supports recursion, i.e., a function to call itself. But while using recursion, programmers need to be careful to define an exit condition from the function, otherwise it will go into an infinite loop.
  • Recursive functions are very useful to solve many mathematical problems, such as calculating the factorial of a number, generating Fibonacci series, etc.

Problem : :

This C program, using recursion, performs binary search. In this program an array of random number is generated. The user is asked to enter a key. The array of random numbers are sorted and then the binary search operation is performed based on the key.

Below is the source code for C Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System to produce desired output as shown below :


/*  C Program to implement Binary Search using Recursion  */

#include <stdio.h>
void binary_search(int [], int, int, int);
void bubble_sort(int [], int);
int main()
    int key, size, i;
    int list[25];
    printf("Enter size of a list: ");
    scanf("%d", &size);
    printf("Generating random numbers\n");
    for(i = 0; i < size; i++)
        list[i] = rand() % 100;
        printf("%d  ", list[i]);
    bubble_sort(list, size);
    printf("Enter key to search\n");
    scanf("%d", &key);
    binary_search(list, 0, size, key);
void bubble_sort(int list[], int size)
    int temp, i, j;
    for (i = 0; i < size; i++)
        for (j = i; j < size; j++)
            if (list[i] > list[j])
                temp = list[i];
                list[i] = list[j];
                list[j] = temp;
void binary_search(int list[], int lo, int hi, int key)
    int mid;
    if (lo > hi)
        printf("Key not found\n");
    mid = (lo + hi) / 2;
    if (list[mid] == key)
        printf("Key found\n");
    else if (list[mid] > key)
        binary_search(list, lo, mid - 1, key);
    else if (list[mid] < key)
        binary_search(list, mid + 1, hi, key);

Output : :

***************** OUTPUT ********************

***************** FIRST RUN *****************

Enter size of a list: 10
Generating random numbers
83  86  77  15  93  35  86  92  49  21  
Enter key to search
Key found

***************** SECOND RUN *****************

Enter size of a list: 7
Generating random numbers
41  67  34  0  69  24  78

Enter key to search
Key not found

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