C++ Program to Swap two numbers and characters using call by address

Swap two numbers and characters


Write a C++ Program to Swap two numbers and characters using call by address. Here’s simple C++ Program to Swap two numbers and characters using call by address in C++ Programming Language.


What are Functions ?


Function is a block of statements that performs some operations. All C++ programs have at least one function – function called “main()”. This function is entry-point of your program.

A function declaration tells the compiler about a function’s name, return type, and parameters. A function definition provides the actual body of the function.


Defining a Function : :


The general form of a C++ function definition is as follows:

return_type Function_Name( list of parameters )
{
//function’s body
}

  • return_type : suggests what the function will return. It can be void, int, char, some pointer or even a class object.
  • Function_Name : is the name of the function, using the function name it is called.
  • Parameters : are variables to hold values of arguments passed while function is called. A function may or may not contain parameter list.
  • Function body : is he part where the code statements are written.

Below is the source code for C++ Program to Swap two numbers and characters using call by address which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System to produce desired output as shown below :


SOURCE CODE : :


/*  C++ Program to Swap two numbers and characters using call by address  */

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;

void swap(int *,int *);
void swapc(char *,char *);

int main()
{
	char x,y;
	int a,b;
	cout<<"\nEnter 1st character :: ";
	cin>>x;
	cout<<"\nEnter 2nd character :: ";
	cin>>y;
	cout<<"\nEnter 1st integer :: ";
	cin>>a;
	cout<<"\nEnter 2nd integer :: ";
	cin>>b;

	cout<<"\nBefore Swapping, Value of Characters :: \n\tx = "<<x<<"\ty = "<<y<<"\n";
	cout<<"\nBefore Swapping, Value of Integers :: \n\tA = "<<a<<"\tB = "<<b<<"\n";

    swap(&a,&b);
    swapc(&x,&y);

    cout<<"\nOutside Function After Swapping, Value of Characters :: \n\tx = "<<x<<"\ty = "<<y<<"\n";
	cout<<"\nOutside Function After Swapping, Value of Integers :: \n\tA = "<<a<<"\tB = "<<b<<"\n";

}

void swap(int *a,int *b)
{
	int c;
	c=*a;
	*a=*b;
	*b=c;
	cout<<"\nInside Function After Swapping, Value of Integers :: \n\tA = "<<*a<<"\tB = "<<*b<<"\n";

}

void swapc(char *x,char *y)
{
	char z;
	z=*x;
	*x=*y;
	*y=z;
	cout<<"\nInside Function After Swapping, Value of Characters :: \n\tx = "<<*x<<"\ty = "<<*y<<"\n";
}

OUTPUT : :


/*  C++ Program to Swap two numbers and characters using call by address  */

Enter 1st character :: M

Enter 2nd character :: N

Enter 1st integer :: 3

Enter 2nd integer :: 5

Before Swapping, Value of Characters ::
        x = M   y = N

Before Swapping, Value of Integers ::
        A = 3   B = 5

Inside Function After Swapping, Value of Integers ::
        A = 5   B = 3

Inside Function After Swapping, Value of Characters ::
        x = N   y = M

Outside Function After Swapping, Value of Characters ::
        x = N   y = M

Outside Function After Swapping, Value of Integers ::
        A = 5   B = 3

Process returned 0

Above is the source code for C++ Program to Swap two numbers and characters using call by address which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System.The Output of the program is shown above .

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