C++ Program to implement Linear Search using recursion

Linear Search using recursion


Write a C++ Program to implement Linear Search using recursion. Here’s simple C++ Program to implement Linear Search using recursion in C++ Programming Language.


What are Functions ?


Function is a block of statements that performs some operations. All C++ programs have at least one function – function called “main()”. This function is entry-point of your program.

A function declaration tells the compiler about a function’s name, return type, and parameters. A function definition provides the actual body of the function.


Defining a Function : :


The general form of a C++ function definition is as follows:

return_type Function_Name( list of parameters )
{
//function’s body
}

  • return_type : suggests what the function will return. It can be void, int, char, some pointer or even a class object.
  • Function_Name : is the name of the function, using the function name it is called.
  • Parameters : are variables to hold values of arguments passed while function is called. A function may or may not contain parameter list.
  • Function body : is he part where the code statements are written.

Below is the source code for C++ Program to implement Linear Search using recursion which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System to produce desired output as shown below :


SOURCE CODE : :


/*  C++ Program to implement Linear Search using recursion */

#include<iostream>
using namespace std;

int recursiveLinearSearch(int array[],int key,int size)
{
	size=size-1;
	if(size <0)
    {
		return -1;
	}
	else if(array[size]==key)
	{
		return 1;
	}
	else
	{
		return recursiveLinearSearch(array,key,size);
	}
}

int main()
{
	int size;
	cout<<"\nEnter Size Of Array :: ";
	cin>>size;
	int array[size], key,i;

	for (int j=0;j<size;j++)
    {
		cout<<"\nEnter [ "<<j<<" ] Element :: ";
		cin>>array[j];
	}

	cout<<"\nThe Array entered is :: \n\n";

	for (int a=0;a<size;a++)
    {
		cout<<"Arr[ "<<a<<" ]  =  ";
		cout<<array[a]<<endl;
	}

	cout<<"\nEnter any Key To Search in Array :: ";
	cin>>key;
	int result;

	result=recursiveLinearSearch(array,key,size--);

	if(result==1) {
		cout<<"\nKey Found in Array .\n ";
	} else {
		cout<<"\nKey NOT Found in Array .\n ";
	}
	return 0;
}

OUTPUT : :


/*  C++ Program to implement Linear Search using recursion */

Enter Size Of Array :: 7

Enter [ 0 ] Element :: 1

Enter [ 1 ] Element :: 2

Enter [ 2 ] Element :: 3

Enter [ 3 ] Element :: 4

Enter [ 4 ] Element :: 5

Enter [ 5 ] Element :: 6

Enter [ 6 ] Element :: 7

The Array entered is ::

Arr[ 0 ]  =  1
Arr[ 1 ]  =  2
Arr[ 2 ]  =  3
Arr[ 3 ]  =  4
Arr[ 4 ]  =  5
Arr[ 5 ]  =  6
Arr[ 6 ]  =  7

Enter any Key To Search in Array :: 4

Key Found in Array .

Process returned 0

Above is the source code for C++ Program to implement Linear Search using recursion which is successfully compiled and run on Windows System.The Output of the program is shown above .

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